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Syndromes or Disease Entities That Have Been Associated with Polycystic Ovaries


·        Hyperandrogenism

o        Steroidogenic enzyme deficiencies

§         Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

§         Aromatase deficiency

o        Androgen-secreting tumors

§         Ovarian

§         Adrenal

o        Exogenous androgens

§         Anabolic steroids

§         Transsexual hormone replacement

o        Other

§         Acne

§         Idiopathic hirsutism

·        Hyperandrogenism and Insulin Resistance

o        Congenital

§         Type A syndrome

§         Type B syndrome

§         Leprechaunism

§         Lipoatrophic diabetes

§         Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome

§         Polycystic ovary syndrome

o        Acquired

§         Cushing's syndrome

·      Insulin Resistance

o        Glycogen storage diseases

o        Type 2 diabetes

·      Other

o        Central nervous system

§         Trauma/lesions

§         Hyperprolactinemia

o        Nonhormonal medications

§         Valproate

o        Heriditary angioedema

o        Bulimia

o        Idiopathic (includes normoandrogenic women with cyclic menses)

Related Criteria

2001 Bethesda System Terminology

Amsel's Diagnostic Criteria for Bacterial Vaginosis

CDC Diagnostic Criteria for the Diagnosis of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Diagnostic Criteria in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)



  1. The Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS consensus workshop group. Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Hum Reprod. 2004 Jan;19(1):41-7. [Medline]
  2. Legro R. Diagnostic Criteria in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Semin Reprod Med. 2003 Aug;21(3):267-75 [Medline]
  3. Reaven G. The metabolic syndrome or the insulin resistance syndrome? Different names, different concepts, and different goals. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2004 Jun;33(2):283-303. [Medline]

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Created: May 10, 2005
Last Modified: 10/23/2010

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