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|Classification of Malnutrition in Children|
|Written by G. Firman MD|
|Tuesday, 20 July 2010 00:00|
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines malnutrition as the cellular imbalance between the supply of nutrients and energy and the body’s demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and specific functions.
Malnutrition generally implies undernutrition and refers to all deviations from adequate and optimal nutritional status in infants, children and in adults. In children, undernutrition manifests as underweight and stunting (short stature), while severely undernourished children present with the symptoms and signs that characterize conditions known as kwashiorkor, marasmus or marasmic-kwashiorkor.
Definitions of malnutrition
Gomez Classification: The child's weight is compared to that of a normal child (50th percentile) of the same age. It is useful for population screening and public health evaluations.
Waterlow Classification: Chronic malnutrition results in stunting. Malnutrition also affects the child's body proportions eventually resulting in body wastage.
Classification of Malnutrition in Children
Wellcome Classification: evaluates the child for edema and with the Gomez classification system.
Created: 28 Jul, 2010
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